District Profile

YEAR HISTORY
260 B.C. Ashoka conquered the Kalinga empire (of which Vizag was a part).
208 B.C. Chandra Sri Satakarni was the king of this region.
220 A.D Pallavas come into possession of the region
1000 to 1200 A.D Rule of the Cholas of Tanjore
1500 AD Gangas replaced by Gajapatis
14th Century Simhachalam Temple was built.
1515 Krishna Deva Raya was the ruler of the area comprising Vizag.
1575 A.D Qutub Shahis of Golconda defeats the Gajapatis of Orissa
Mid-17th Century A factory was founded in "Vizagapatam" by the British East India Company.
1689 This factory was occupied by the forces of Aurangzeb.
1735 The Dutch Colony was established.
1765 The territory of the Northern Circars, of which Vizag was a part, ceded to the East India Company on dissolution of the Moghul Empire. Following this, a British colony was established.
1800 A.D The battles of Bobili and Padmanabham
1922-24 Revolt and struggle of Alluru Sitharama Raju against British rule.
1904 A railway from Madras to Calcutta, passing through Vizagapatam, was opened.
1923 Andhra Medical College was started.
1926 Andhra University was established.
1933 Visakhapatnam Port was established.
1942 Japanese war planes attacked Vizag.
1947 The Eastern Naval Command established its base in Vizag. Prior to 1947, the Royal Navy had a base in HMIS Sircars.
1949 Scindia Shipyard was started, it was later nationalised and is now called the Hindustan Shipyard.
1953 The Boat Repair Shop was expanded into a Base Repair Organisation (BRO) and was shifted to its location at the mouth of the northwest channel.
1957 A petroleum refinery owned by Caltex was opened. This is currently owned by HPCL.
1965 Two survey ships JUMNA and INVESTIGATOR were permanently re-based at Visakhapatnam.
1971 INS Rajput of the Indian Navy destroyed the Pakistani submarine Ghazi in the Indo-Pak War off the coast of Vizag.
1981 Visakhapatnam Steel Plant commenced operations.

Before British

Vizag, the Port city is the jewel on the eastern coast of India, 2nd Biggest City Next to Capital Hyderabad. The City is a harmonious blend of the magical past and the bustling present with a breath taking panorama of golden beaches, lush green fields, verdant valleys and splendid monuments from a historically rich and religious heritage.

During British

Vizagapatnam the colonial name given to the city have become one of the important and strategic power centre for the British. British built its settlement here in Waltair which housed their Residence.

After British

From a tiny little fishing village in the previous century, Vizag as part of the coastal Andhra region came under French control in the late 18th century; the Dutch had established a colony in the early part of the 18th century. The English on establishing the Raj developed Waltair as a sister town of Vizag in the Madras Presidency. The city was the largest city at the time of Indian Independence and was divided into three manageable districts.

Vizag in modern Times

The transformation of Vizag is unique in its speed, scale, and politics. With just 25 years iunder the hood it changed from a sleepy town to bustling busines town. Vizag's dramatic transformation into a bustling business town without leaving its sheer natural beauty and calmness is true awsomeness that calls for huge applause.

Industries

India is amongst the fastest growing economies in the world, with the GDP growth for FY07 expected at around 7.5% to 8%. And needless to say Tier-II cities such as Visakhapatnam are viewed as the best centers for investments in Industries. Visakhapatnam, more popularly as the Steel City of Andhra Pradesh, has some of the best production facilities in the country. Today, Visakhapatnam has turned out to be a major Industrial center in the entire South of India. Many Major and Minor industries are located in the Industrial Zones such as the ones near Gajuwaka and Industrial Estate areas, just to quote few. Industry estimates says that investments to a tune of Rs. 30,000 crores would put in Visakhapatnam between the years 2006 - 2013.

The Visakhapatnam Steel Plant is a pride for Vizag. Major industries from all sectors including Bharat Heavy Plates & Vessels, Hindusthan Zinc Limited, Hindusthan Petroleum Corp. Ltd, Port Trust, Hindusthan Ship Yard, Fishing Harbor, Coramandel Fertilizers, L.G.Polymers, Essar Shipping are present in Visakhapatnam. The Simhadri Project of National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC) is engaged into power generation.

Besides the major industries, Vizag has a number of Medium & Small Scale Industries being developed by the AP Industrial Infrastructure Corporation. Thanks to the investor-friendly Industrial Policies by both Government of Andhra Pradesh and the Government of India, special offers to foreign investors are available to set up industries in hot sectors such as Manufacturing and Information Technology. The Visakhapatnam Special Export Zone (VSEZ) provides excellent infrastrucutre for industrial units apart from special concessions for Export Oriented Units (EOU).

Docs / SupportSimhachalam
Simhadri or Simhachalam is a Hindu temple located in the Visakhapatam City, suburb of Simhachalam in Andhra Pradesh, South India. It is dedicated to the incarnation (avatar) of Vishnu, known as Narasimha (the man-lion). The architectural style of the temple’s central shrine is Oriya while its entrance is Dravidian.

 

Andhra University
Andhra University or Andhra Viswa Kala Parishad located in Visakhapatnam, north east coastal Andhra Pradesh, is one of the older premier universities in India with a broad focus. Presently it is among the top universities in India for engineering. It was established in and shared affiliating responsibilities with Madras University.

Docs / Support
Old Town HAll
The Victoria Town Hall was built by the Maharaja of Bobbili in the year 1893 to commemorate the diamond jubilee of the late Queen Victoria and was then handed over to the municipality in 1904. It was built on a site which was once a fisherman's village (Jalaripeta). The Town Hall which is a symmetrical structure is situated on a widely spread hillock and once had an excellent view of the Vizag harbour. The Town Hall is double-storey Mangalore tiled pitched roof comprising king post trusses. It has a dressed stone projection on the plinth. There are stone towers on either side of the building which possess small semi-circular segmental arched openings that appear like watch towers. The building is divided into two parts. The first part has verandahs on the first floor with a stone cornice and the ground floor has a brick wall up to the sill level and wooden ‘jallies' are used over the brick construction. The second part has stone facing rectangular buttressed structure on the rear side. The Town Hall also includes pedimented projections on the front and the rear side. The Town Hall structure with elegant stone work influenced the architecture of structures that subsequently came up in Vizag.

 

 

Borra Caves
The Borra Caves, also called Borra Guhalu , are located on the East Coast of India, in the Ananthagiri hills of the Araku valley (with hill ranges elevation varying from 800 m (2,624.7 ft) to 1,300 m (4,265.1 ft) of the Visakhapatnam district in Andhra Pradesh. The Caves, one of the largest in the country, at an elevation of about 705 m (2,313.0 ft), distinctly exhibit a variety of impressive speleothems(pictured) ranging from very small to big and irregularly shaped stalactites and stalagmites

Erra Matti Dibbalu
Erra Matti Dibbalu, translated from Telugu means red mud hillocks. These are the natural ravines, formed over the years due to wind currents and soil erosion. Located at Bheemili, these hills are a popular locale for film shootings. The dunes consist of sand, clay and silt. Very picturesque spot and unique.